Rewrote the entire PassiveTotal extension

Brandon Dixon 7 years ago
parent 459bf08b9f
commit 34b814463c
  1. 2
  2. 1
  3. 380

@ -11,7 +11,7 @@ MISP modules support is included in MISP starting from version 2.4.28.
* [CVE](modules/expansion/ - a hover module to give more information about a vulnerability (CVE).
* [DNS](modules/expansion/ - a simple module to resolve MISP attributes like hostname and domain to expand IP addresses attributes.
* [passivetotal](modules/expansion/ - a [passivetotal]( module to query the passivetotal passive DNS interface.
* [passivetotal](modules/expansion/ - a [passivetotal]( module that queries a number of different PassiveTotal datasets.
* [sourcecache](modules/expansion/ - a module to cache a specific link from a MISP instance.
## How to install and start MISP modules?

@ -2,3 +2,4 @@ tornado

@ -1,63 +1,340 @@
import json
import requests
import logging
import sys
misperrors = {'error' : 'Error'}
mispattributes = {'input': ['hostname', 'domain', 'ip-src', 'ip-dst'], 'output': ['ip-src', 'ip-dst', 'hostname', 'domain']}
moduleinfo = {'version': '0.1', 'author': 'Alexandre Dulaunoy', 'description': 'PassiveTotal expansion service to expand values with multiple Passive DNS sources', 'module-type': ['expansion']}
moduleconfig = ['username', 'password']
passivetotal_url = ''
from passivetotal.common.utilities import is_ip
def handler(q=False):
if q is False:
return False
request = json.loads(q)
log = logging.getLogger('passivetotal')
ch = logging.StreamHandler(sys.stdout)
formatter = logging.Formatter('%(asctime)s - %(name)s - %(levelname)s - %(message)s')
misperrors = {'error': 'Error'}
mispattributes = {
'input': ['hostname', 'domain', 'ip-src', 'ip-dst',
'x509-fingerprint-sha1', 'email-src', 'email-dst',
'target-email', 'whois-registrant-email',
'whois-registrant-phone', 'text', 'whois-registrant-name',
'whois-registrar', 'whois-creation-date'],
'output': ['hostname', 'domain', 'ip-src', 'ip-dst',
'x509-fingerprint-sha1', 'email-src', 'email-dst',
'target-email', 'whois-registrant-email',
'whois-registrant-phone', 'text', 'whois-registrant-name',
'whois-registrar', 'whois-creation-date', 'md5', 'sha1',
'sha256', 'link']
moduleinfo = {
'version': '1.0',
'author': 'Brandon Dixon',
'description': 'The PassiveTotal MISP expansion module brings the datasets derived from Internet scanning directly into your MISP instance. This module supports passive DNS, historic SSL, WHOIS, and host attributes. In order to use the module, you must have a valid PassiveTotal account username and API key. Registration is free and can be done by visiting',
'module-type': ['expansion', 'hover']
moduleconfig = ['username', 'api_key']
query_playbook = [
{'inputs': ['ip-src', 'ip-dst', 'hostname', 'domain'],
'services': ['whois', 'ssl', 'dns', 'enrichment'],
'name': 'generic'},
{'inputs': ['whois-registrant-email', 'whois-registrant-phone',
'whois-registrant-name', 'email-src', 'email-dst',
'services': ['whois'],
'name': 'reverse-whois'},
{'inputs': ['x509-fingerprint-sha1'],
'services': ['ssl'],
'name': 'ssl-history'},
def query_finder(request):
"""Find the query value in the client request."""
for item in mispattributes['input']:
if not request.get(item, None):
playbook = None
for x in query_playbook:
if item not in x['inputs']:
playbook = x
return {'type': item, 'value': request.get(item), 'playbook': playbook}
def build_profile(request):
"""Check the incoming request for a valid configuration."""
output = {'success': False}
config = request.get('config', None)
if not config:
misperrors['error'] = "Configuration is missing from the request."
return output
for item in moduleconfig:
if config.get(item, None):
misperrors['error'] = "PassiveTotal authentication is missing."
return output
profile = {'success': True, 'config': config}
return profile
def _generate_request_instance(conf, request_type):
"""Automatically generate a request instance to use.
In the end, this saves us from having to load each request class in a
explicit way. Loading via a string is helpful to reduce the code per
:param request_type: Type of client to load
:return: Loaded PassiveTotal client
pt_username = conf.get('username')
pt_api_key = conf.get('api_key')
class_lookup = {'dns': 'DnsRequest', 'whois': 'WhoisRequest',
'ssl': 'SslRequest', 'enrichment': 'EnrichmentRequest',
'attributes': 'AttributeRequest'}
class_name = class_lookup[request_type]
mod = __import__('passivetotal.libs.%s' % request_type,
loaded = getattr(mod, class_name)
headers = {'PT-INTEGRATION': 'MISP'}
authenticated = loaded(pt_username, pt_api_key, headers=headers)
return authenticated
def _has_error(results):
"""Check to see if there's an error in place and log it."""
if 'error' in results:
msg = "%s - %s" % (results['error']['message'],
misperrors['error'] = msg
return True
return False
def process_ssl_details(instance, query):
"""Process details for a specific certificate."""
log.debug("SSL Details: starting")
values = list()
_ = instance.get_ssl_certificate_details(query=query)
err = _has_error(_)
if err:
raise Exception("We hit an error, time to bail!")
for key, value in _.items():
if not value:
txt = [{'types': ['ssl-cert-attributes'], 'values': list(set(values))}]
log.debug("SSL Details: ending")
return txt
def process_ssl_history(instance, query):
"""Process the history for an SSL certificate."""
log.debug("SSL History: starting")
type_map = {
'ip': ['ip-src', 'ip-dst'],
'domain': ['domain', 'hostname'],
'sha1': ['x509-fingerprint-sha1']
hits = {'ip': list(), 'sha1': list(), 'domain': list()}
_ = instance.get_ssl_certificate_history(query=query)
err = _has_error(_)
if err:
raise Exception("We hit an error, time to bail!")
for item in _.get('results', []):
hits['ip'] += item.get('ipAddresses', [])
hits['domain'] += item.get('domains', [])
tmp = list()
for key, value in hits.items():
txt = {'types': type_map[key], 'values': list(set(value))}
log.debug("SSL Details: ending")
return tmp
def process_whois_details(instance, query):
"""Process the detail from the WHOIS record."""
log.debug("WHOIS Details: starting")
tmp = list()
_ = instance.get_whois_details(query=query, compact_record=True)
err = _has_error(_)
if err:
raise Exception("We hit an error, time to bail!")
if (request.get('config')):
if (request['config'].get('username') is None) or (request['config'].get('password') is None):
misperrors['error'] = 'Passivetotal authentication is missing'
return misperrors
if _.get('contactEmail', None):
tmp.append({'types': ['whois-registrant-email'], 'values': [_.get('contactEmail')]})
phones = _['compact']['telephone']['raw']
tmp.append({'types': ['whois-registrant-phone'], 'values': phones})
names = _['compact']['name']['raw']
tmp.append({'types': ['whois-registrant-name'], 'values': names})
if _.get('registrar', None):
tmp.append({'types': ['whois-registrar'], 'values': [_.get('registrar')]})
if _.get('registered', None):
tmp.append({'types': ['whois-creation-date'], 'values': [_.get('registered')]})
log.debug("WHOIS Details: ending")
return tmp
def process_whois_search(instance, query, qtype):
"""Process a WHOIS search for a specific field value."""
log.debug("WHOIS Search: starting")
if qtype in ['whois-registrant-email', 'email-src', 'email-dst', 'target-email']:
field_type = 'email'
if qtype in ['whois-registrant-phone']:
field_type = 'phone'
if qtype in ['whois-registrant-name']:
field_type = 'name'
domains = list()
_ = instance.search_whois_by_field(field=field_type, query=query)
err = _has_error(_)
if err:
raise Exception("We hit an error, time to bail!")
for item in _.get('results', []):
domain = item.get('domain', None)
if not domain:
tmp = [{'types': ['hostname', 'domain'], 'values': list(set(domains))}]
log.debug("WHOIS Search: ending")
return tmp
def process_passive_dns(instance, query):
"""Process passive DNS data."""
log.debug("Passive DNS: starting")
tmp = list()
_ = instance.get_unique_resolutions(query=query)
err = _has_error(_)
if err:
raise Exception("We hit an error, time to bail!")
if is_ip(query):
tmp = [{'types': ['domain', 'hostname'], 'values': _.get('results', [])}]
misperrors['error'] = 'config is missing'
tmp = [{'types': ['ip-src', 'ip-dst'], 'values': _.get('results', [])}]
log.debug("Passive DNS: ending")
return tmp
def process_osint(instance, query):
"""Process OSINT links."""
log.debug("OSINT: starting")
urls = list()
_ = instance.get_osint(query=query)
err = _has_error(_)
if err:
raise Exception("We hit an error, time to bail!")
for item in _.get('results', []):
tmp = [{'types': ['link'], 'values': urls}]
log.debug("OSINT: ending")
return tmp
def process_malware(instance, query):
"""Process malware samples."""
log.debug("Malware: starting")
content = {'hashes': list(), 'urls': list()}
_ = instance.get_malware(query=query)
err = _has_error(_)
if err:
raise Exception("We hit an error, time to bail!")
for item in _.get('results', []):
tmp = [{'types': ['link'], 'values': content['urls']}]
hashes = {'md5': list(), 'sha1': list(), 'sha256': list()}
for h in content['hashes']:
if len(h) == 32:
elif len(h) == 41:
elif len(h) == 64:
tmp += [{'types': ['md5'], 'values': hashes['md5']}]
tmp += [{'types': ['sha1'], 'values': hashes['sha1']}]
tmp += [{'types': ['sha256'], 'values': hashes['sha256']}]
log.debug("Malware: ending")
return tmp
def handler(q=False):
if not q:
return q
request = json.loads(q)
profile = build_profile(request)
if not profile['success']:
return misperrors
if request.get('hostname'):
toquery = request['hostname']
queryhost = True
elif request.get('domain'):
toquery = request['domain']
queryhost = True
elif request.get('ip-src'):
toquery = request['ip-src']
queryhost = False
elif request.get('ip-dst'):
toquery = request['ip-dst']
queryhost = False
return False
r = requests.get(passivetotal_url+toquery, auth=(request['config'].get('username'),request['config'].get('password')))
if r.status_code == 200:
x = json.loads(r.text)
a = []
if queryhost:
mispattributes['output'] = ['ip-src', 'ip-dst']
output = {'results': list()}
instances = dict()
for service in profile['playbook']['services']:
instances[service] = _generate_request_instance(
profile['config'], service)
play_type = profile['playbook']['name']
query = profile['value']
qtype = profile['type']
if play_type == 'generic':
results = process_passive_dns(instances['dns'], query)
output['results'] += results
results = process_whois_details(instances['whois'], query)
output['results'] += results
results = process_ssl_history(instances['ssl'], query)
output['results'] += results
results = process_osint(instances['enrichment'], query)
output['results'] += results
results = process_malware(instances['enrichment'], query)
output['results'] += results
elif play_type == 'reverse-whois':
results = process_whois_search(instances['whois'], query, qtype)
output['results'] += results
elif play_type == 'ssl-history':
results = process_ssl_details(instances['ssl'], query)
output['results'] += results
results = process_ssl_history(instances['ssl'], query)
output['results'] += results
mispattributes['output'] = ['hostname']
for y in x['results']:
if queryhost:
elif r.status_code >= 400 and r.status_code < 404 :
misperrors['error'] = ' incorrect authentication'
return misperrors['error']
misperrors['error'] = ' is not reachable'
return misperrors['error']
log.error("Unsupported query pattern issued.")
return misperrors
r = {'results': [{'types': mispattributes['output'], 'values': a}]}
return r
return output
def introspection():
@ -67,3 +344,4 @@ def introspection():
def version():
moduleinfo['config'] = moduleconfig
return moduleinfo